Except for wood types, parquet varies by size and class. Classes in the production of parquet and ship floor are defined by standards that prescribe both the method of processing and the allowed humidity. According to these standards, the allowed humidity of the parquet ranges from 7 to 13 percent. The parquet is classified according to the surface of the surface in 4 classes. This division does not apply to quality but solely on the appearance of the substrate.
The four classes of parquet are:
Extra class of parquet is a substrate without big differences in wood color. Colored wood nuts are allowed up to 10 millimeters (0.39 inch) in size.
The standard parquet class has bright nodes without limitation in quantity with frontal cracks with a maximum width of up to 1 millimeter. Small defects in a structure that do not affect the hardness of the wood as well as small color differences are permitted.
The rustic class has a roughly expressed structure; there are no restrictions in the nodes in dimensions of 15 millimeters – one per piece of parquet. It can have flyback with five stitches, if not in the group. The friction crack can be up to 3 millimeters wide. Other errors are allowed if they do not affect the strength of the parquet.
Parquet is made of several types of wood. The most popular types are oak parquet, black locust, hornbeam, ash, walnut, and cherries. There are several types of parquet layouts. In addition to today’s most popular ship floor, there are various types of mosaics, alternating style, fishbone, and chess field. The style of “fishbone” is considered dimensionally the most stable style about the change in humidity and air temperature in the room in which it is located.
In the beginning, the advice of the professionals is that before setting the parquet floor it needs to be unpacked for at least 24 hours in the place where it will be placed. Avoid keeping the parquet directly in the sun or directly on the concrete surface. The wood needs to “breathe,” and you need to be careful not to dry it out or change its color on the sun.
Before starting the parquet setting, you need to check the base. It must be straight and dry. The permissible humidity of the substrate is 2 percent, and if the substrate is not flat, you need to level it. If it is necessary, under the parquet floor, you can install insulation for sound absorption as well as a foil as a steam boiler in the rooms underneath where the uncured spaces (basement, stairs, etc.) are located. These insulations are purchased in rolls and are easily placed on the substrate.
How the parquet is installed
1. On a flat and dry surface, pull out the direction of the first-row installation. Slacken the adhesive on the surface and start setting the parquet. Make sure the parquet is about 1 cm (0.39 inch) away from the wall and secure it with pegs. Free space to the wall will allow the parquet to move due to swelling or shrinkage with the change of humidity in the room. You need to check the direction of the first row of parquet with the help of the canopies. Set the fixing bolts at 1 cm (0-39 inch) from the wall
2. To fit the last piece of parquet properly in a row, use a steel pile profile.
3. Start the second row with the rest of the previous one.
4. Drill holes for radiators. Cut the last part and seal it in place with glue.
5. Place the parquet at the ends of the room with the help of a steel pile profile.
6. The remains of the glue remove from the parquet with a slight spatter or wet cloth.
7. In the end, tape or screw the corner battens. Slide or screw the moldings on the wall and not on the parquet floor to allow the “work” of the parquet itself. The average height of the slats is about 3.5 cm (1.3 inches), but for aesthetic purposes, we recommend those higher heights.
Make sure that the adhesive is not applied to the entire surface at one time but gradually to smaller surfaces. Professionals advise you to use high-quality adhesives because, in addition to good adhesion, they are odorless, so you do not wait for days for unpleasant smells from the apartment to disappear.
If you’re planning to renovate your kitchen, you’ve certainly checked many magazines and internet portals to find photos that will inspire you in arranging your kitchen. Did you wonder why you renovated your kitchen? Is it the reason to get a higher price for your apartment or because you want a more spacious, modern and functional kitchen? Here is our “Part 1” that will help you with this quest.
How much money do you have
If you don’t want the entire restructuring project of your kitchen to turn into a nightmare, you need to make a financial construction carefully. There are also important plans for the future. If you plan to live in your home for at least five years, plan a new kitchen in a way that will suit your family in the future. It’s multifunctional. Money needs to be spent on things you will not change soon. You can save a lot of money by choosing cheaper handles and simple mechanisms to open the drawer. If your money is not a problem, we suggest investing in them. There are always unforeseen costs, pay attention to them.
When decorating the kitchen, the most important thing is the arrangement of the elements. Look at the space you have and determine which model of the kitchen best suits your needs, your home, and your family needs. Do not stick to the previous arrangement of the elements if they do not work perfectly for you. Make sure you can even more easily allocate items to make your kitchen look more modern.
Keep in mind that the sink must be placed next to or opposite the cooking zones and refrigerators, and the sink, fridge, and oven must be close to each other to facilitate the movement of the kitchen. To make your kitchen look cheerful, you can add plenty of lighting elements. It will be of great help to you at dinner for your guests and friends.
Selecting floor coverings in the kitchen
The wood is excellent and very warm material. We do not recommend flooring in the vicinity of the sink, as it can be damaged if it is exposed to excess water. Laminate is a great solution for users who want to save. It offers a wide range of colors and textures. Ceramic tiles are the best kitchen solutions for easy maintenance.
You decided to restore your kitchen, but do not know where to start? Here are some tips to help you refurbish your kitchen, create a better, more functional and modern space, all in our “Part 2“ that will help you with this quest.
Buy new items for a more modern kitchen.
When renovating your kitchen, you will surely spend the most money on kitchen items. You can avoid costs by refurbishing the existing elements. If the layout of your items is the same as before, you can save and replace only the fronts. If you have decided on new items, try to find a professional who will make you a custom kitchen.
Kitchen appliances are indispensable.
The indispensable devices in each kitchen are a fridge, a dishwasher, a stove, and sinks. If you think that the existing elements are still functional and can serve you further, there is no need to buy new ones. Enjoy your kitchen by buying a new dishwasher, and you have a lot more free time.
Of whatever material, the worktop is a very important element of your kitchen. For the material of the worktops, the most commonly used is granite in different colors. You can even take wooden surfaces that are very commonly used lately. When selecting the worktop, choose colorful materials. White and black are quite ungrateful because every trace is visible on them.
Sink and faucet
Without a sink and kitchen taps, the kitchen is inconceivable. Do not save on sinks and faucets. There is a wide range of products available at your disposal. Sinks made of stainless steel are the easiest to maintain because of their smooth surfaces. By choosing a two-hole sink, you will not make a mistake. We recommend a single-handle bowl and a built-in shower for easier washing of the sink after use. Brass taps are not a good choice, pick those of brushed or polished nickel.
Keep in mind how you can not illuminate the kitchen area with a single light body. Especially if it is on the ceiling. We recommend the installation of LED lights above the work surface, or below the elements, which will make it easier for you to work in the kitchen. Install lighting in kitchen elements to achieve a better ambiance that will bring warmth to the room, reduce shadows and welcome every visitor to your kitchen.
Choosing a wallpaper is a matter of taste. Since the walls under the covers are very dominant in space, it is best to consult with the interior designer. Please note that children’s wallpaper is mostly made of paper. Since the paper wallpaper spreads in contact with moisture, the adhesive must be applied on the wallpaper and on the wall itself. For other wallpaper materials, this rule does not apply; the adhesive is applied only to the wall.
Pay attention to how to fit the patterns to make the wallpaper look uniform. Be careful on how the adhesive is applied to the walls and when the brush is used and when the roller is used. Always extract excess air between the wallpaper and the wall.
Procedure for gluing wallpaper
To begin, cut the wallpaper to the height of the room. Take care to fit the patterns. Place the wallpaper one next to the other to measure the size of the fit, mark the surplus and cut it with a scalpel. Refill the adhesive according to the manufacturer’s instructions. Apply it on the wall with a brush around the switch and in the corners, then apply it to the larger surfaces with the roller. Mark the vertical gauge of the first wallpaper with a laser meter. The wallpaper is glued to the wall from top to bottom.
Slip the air out of the rubber roller, and then scalpel cut the wallpaper around the sockets and the switch. Apply the adhesive again and place the next strip of the wallpaper taking care of fitting the pattern. The edges of the two strips must be ideally attached to each other. If they are folded or if space is left between them, the wall will look untidy.
Rub the rubber roller back on the wallpaper, and if there is a surplus of adhesive on the joints, wipe it with a clean cloth. Cut the surplus wallpaper at the ceiling and side walls with a sharp scalpel and use a lantern for leveling. Replace the sockets and switches, and the gluing is complete.
Everything expires with time, but how can you be completely sure that a particular object in your home is ripe for replacement, and when to throw it in the trash? When you consider the situation on the domestic real estate market, it’s clear to you why this decision is quite important. Recent research has shown that it is often worth paying more to invest in a minor repair before selling a flat than investing in a complete replacement. To begin with, you need to sit down to consider the home budget and measure the relationship between short-term and long-term costs. For additional help, we bring out the most controversial items. If you are not quite sure how to solve your problem, it is best to call professionals.
Electricity savings can in itself justify replacing the fridge or dishwasher. Replacing an antique refrigerator model with a brand new model can save up to 40 percent of the electricity. The new ecological washing machine will use over 40 percent less electricity than ordinary because it needs to heat a small amount of water. If your devices are still in good condition and you do not need replacement, you can create a small redevelopment project such as adding a miniature school board to the refrigerator wall where you can write which groceries to buy.
Windows that are not good enough
A quarter of the total heating or cooling costs are leaking through the holes on the windows. The good news is that you can improve the efficiency of existing windows and avoid quite high costs of installing new ones. It is important to detect potential trouble spots, fine-tune and repair window sills, and to add adequate isolation from weather imperfections. If you notice that none of the repairs have helped, it’s a signal that you may still have to invest in new windows.
Doors that are not quite right
Solid and high-quality external doors should last as long as the house they are on. You can correct most problems yourself in a cost-effective way, which is good news as the new door is a surprisingly expensive investment. As in the case of a window, the most important thing is to start a detailed overview and find out where the most air enters. You can solve smaller cracks with a sticky tape that is cheap and excellent for this type of repair. It is important to make sure that the doors are well put in place and that they are well centered.
A faucet that is leaking
Most leaks are solved simply, with the screwdriver and some spare parts. If your faucet breaks down every couple of months and after you have made all the possible repairs that were needed, it would be best to opt for a new model. Experts do not recommend taps with plastic parts, while the brass option is the most cost-effective choice.
Over the years, you put a lot of coats of paint on your walls. It creates a layer of thickness that, when it gets too big, is creating a rather uneven surface on your wall that can be spotted immediately. It also can happen that your paint starts to drop out of your walls, ceilings …
Do you have old and worn-out roof windows? Are you finally thinking of a replacement? These are the steps you must keep in mind if you want security, comfort and a pleasant ambiance under your roof. It is all you need to know to do it yourself. Removing the old window The first step is …
We present you the complete guide to maintaining wooden furniture and interior surfaces, in the form of practical tips to solve the eight most common problems. Rehabilitation with lemon and olive oil Keep in mind that there are parts of the furniture that is not visible because if you ignore them, there will be damage …
Primarily, there is a need to learn something and the will to try something new. At the very beginning you need a certain financial investment that will certainly pay off because once you have purchased the necessary tool, it will last for years. Of course, it is assumed that you will buy quality and proven …
With a little physical effort and some knowledge, you can fix small failures yourself, before they turn into an accident that will cost you dearly. Washing machine leaves water If you ignore this malfunction, you might have a flood. Make sure that the water hose is connected to the back of the machine – the …